[52], The chapel's organ has 7,897 pipes in 135 ranks and 109 stops. Dr. Alison L. Boden is Dean of Religious Life and of the Chapel at Princeton University, a position she has held since August 2007. It was built between 1925 and 1928 with donations from alumni and friends to replace the Marquand Chapel, which had been destroyed by fire. "[6], The chapel is approximately the size of a small medieval English cathedral. [2], Cram designed the chapel with the assistance of Alexander Hoyle, a member of his firm. Milliner ("The Princeton University Chapel", p. 5), identifies one of these, the Belgian cardinal. Four large stained glass windows are found in the main sanctuary. [2] It was built by Matthews Construction Company,[7] which worked on several projects on Princeton's campus. While it is quiet, as it should be, it is anything but small. Princeton University built the chapel to replace the Marquand Chapel, which stood between where the present chapel and McCosh Hall stand until it burned to the ground in 1920. The foundation is poured concrete, and the superstructure is sandstone and limestone. The configuration and its proportions are typical of English churches, but the nave's vaulted ceiling and the colonnettes supporting it recall French churches. Princeton University's Chapel is amazing! In this week’s installment of our ongoing series bringing you the history of Princeton University and its faculty, students, and alumni, the University Chapel is dedicated, a professor spirits a Chinese dissident to safety, and more. The north windows depict Biblical figures and scenes,[59] while the south windows contain images associated with human knowledge. A downspout on the east wall features a relief of a bulldog head; a decades-old[36] myth relates that Cram placed it there to recognize Yale University, whose mascot is the bulldog. The chapel was rededicated in an interfaith ceremony in 2002 following a major two-year restoration. A staircase leads from the Braman Transept to the Bright Pulpit. [6] The building's southeast corner houses a vestry. Princeton University Chapel: Beautiful Chapel with History - See 161 traveler reviews, 105 candid photos, and great deals for Princeton, NJ, at Tripadvisor. The University Chapel was built in response to the devastating fire which destroyed the Marquand Chapel in 1920. Online Worship Service Sunday - view chapel.princeton.edu - with Alexandra Miller-Knaack, Chapel Intern Special Events , Religious , Featured Event , Worship , Sacred Text Study The service will have magnificent music provided by Penna Rose, Director of Chapel Music and Eric Plutz, University Organist and soloist Gregory Loshkajian ’16. The Chapel of St. Paul. Behind the altar are carved images of eight religious figures: four Catholic saints to the north, and four leaders of Protestantism to the south. Therefore, our private excursions to Princeton are very popular and attract thousands of travelers annually. Chapel Choir. [25] Running west to east, the main sanctuary consists of a narthex, a gallery, a nave, two transepts joined by a crossing, and an elevated choir;[38] it seats almost 2,000. The University also owns some property in West Windsor Township. [38], Inscribed on the narthex wall facing the nave is "A Prayer for Princeton",[39] which as of 2008 was still used in services at the chapel. Today, enhanced by its elegant beauty and charm, the Chapel has been an attractive site for frequent weddings and memorial services for alumni, faculty, and many other friends of the University. Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 6. Princeton University shield. A statue of a pelican, a religious symbol associated with Corpus Christi, sits atop the sundial, which was presented to Princeton in 1907 by William Mather, then the governor of Victoria University of Manchester. The style conformed with the tudor Gothic that had been adopted for Blair Hall in 1897 as well as other buildings that were constructed during the succeeding several decades. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered a sermon there in 1960. The Orthodox Chapel of the Transfiguration, located on the campus of Princeton University, is a unique facility of the Orthodox Church in America's Diocese of New York and New Jersey. Stillwell describes the iconography around the Blessed Sacrament Chapel but makes no mention of it per se. [40] Another inscription, from Psalm 100, refers to Westminster Choir College, which holds its commencement ceremonies in the chapel. It houses a unique collection of paintings. It has also been a bridge between town and gown, and between the several academic communities of Princeton. [24] Stillwell cites Exeter Cathedral and the Octagon tower of Ely Cathedral as precedents for the architectural detail, but notes that the Princeton chapel's detail nonetheless differs significantly from these. Pamphlet. The doorway to the Blessed Sacrament Chapel on the north wall of the nave is topped by carvings of shields representing three Christian religious centers, Jerusalem, Rome, and Canterbury, and flanked by carvings representing the seven virtues and corresponding seven vices. The chapel also hosts several annual special events. [4][5], Ralph Adams Cram, the university's supervising architect, designed and oversaw construction of the new chapel. "[22], The chapel's Collegiate Gothic design evokes an English church of the Middle Ages,[6][23] although several aspects of it, including the vault and its supports, recall French churches. Our History. organ, which was completely renovated in 1991. "[33] Ardolino is credited as executing all of the building's stone carving. The Deans are also joined by an array of nationally known guest preachers throughout the year and Princeton University students act as Chapel Deacons, assisting the Deans in leading the weekly worship. [35], The exterior iconography includes two notable whimsical elements. Designed in 1921 by Ralph Adams Cram in his signature Collegiate Gothic style, it was built by the university between 1924 and 1928 at a cost of $2.3 million. [2] The university's president, John Grier Hibben, also had a stake in the project: student hostility toward Princeton's brand of mainline Presbyterianism was on the rise. [28] The chapel is connected on its eastern side to Dickinson Hall by the Rothschild arch, symbolizing a connection between religion and scholarship. 5-6. Two staircases on the east and west of the narthex lead to an upper gallery, which looks out upon the nave. Princeton Borough The massive Collegiate-Gothic chapel, one of the finest buildings on the Princeton campus, was completed in 1928. The University Chapel was built in the 1920s, but its history actually begins with the birth of the university itself. Princeton University Chapel Organ Specifications The Ernest M. Skinner Company, 1928; Æolian-Skinner, 1954-1956; N. P. Mander Ltd., 1991 137 Ranks 7897 Pipes A private individual purchased it shortly before the confiscation of church property during the French Revolution. This arrangement lasted until 1847, when a separate building was constructed on the site of East Pyne. Included are details on upcoming lectures and speaking engagements, weekly chapel services, and other happenings. [7] It resembles the tympanum of the Royal Portal of Chartres Cathedral. [45] An American flag flown by the USS Princeton hangs from the transept's north wall. Sound-absorbing tile is mounted on parts of the wall and vault. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages … In an ecumenical touch, the north and south are symbolically united by "The Love of Christ" in the Great East Window. The only precedent for a university chapel of this size was King's College Chapel, and only a small part of that chapel was used regularly. [14] A plaque on the interior south wall of the chapel's nave commemorates the occasion. [26] The garden of evergreens was designed by H. Russell Butler, Jr.[27] On the chapel's south side are an additional door at ground level to the east and an exterior pulpit, designed after one at Magdalen College, Oxford,[6] and named Bright Pulpit, in honor of John Bright. [19][20], Following the restoration, the chapel was rededicated in an interfaith ceremony in which people belonging to Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism gave prayers. The main sanctuary consists of a narthex, a gallery, a nave, two transepts joined by a crossing, and an elevated choir. On March 13, 1960, less than six weeks after the first of the Greensboro sit-ins, Martin Luther King Jr., delivered a sermon at the chapel. [12] Nearby is the Mather Sundial, a replica of the Turnbull Sundial in the courtyard of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. [31], Each of the three narthex entrances sits below a tympanum. [29] Cram resigned as Princeton's supervising architect over the inclusion of the arch, which he disliked;[30] nonetheless, he participated in the chapel's 1928 dedication ceremony. "[51], An oak made pulpit stands in front of the choir facing the nave. "[2] Kessler calls the stained glass "a summa of the heritage of Christianity up to the early twentieth century. [3] The location for the new chapel was chosen for two reasons: symbolically, the new chapel would rise from the ashes of the old one, and practically, it would locate the new chapel centrally as the campus expanded eastward. University Chapel - Its Collegiate Gothic architecture makes the Chapel one of the most beautiful buildings on campus. [25], The foundation is made of poured concrete. [87], The Office of Religious Life calls the chapel the third-largest university chapel in the world. [47], The choir, named Milbank Choir for Elizabeth Milbank Anderson[48] is elevated by several steps. The Princeton University Chapel is the religious and ceremonial center for the University. [6] Hibben led the dedication ceremony on May 31 of that year, in an elaborate ceremony covered by TIME.[12][13]. [6] Hibben called replacing the Marquand Chapel "an immediate necessity";[10] nonetheless, the project encountered financial problems early on. It also hosts several annual special events, such as baccalaureate services and commencements. The James Forrestal Campus is split between nearby Plainsboro and South Brunswick. The model for the tympanum above the main, west entrance was designed and sculpted in clay by John Angel and stone carved by Edward Ardolino. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages through its construction, dedication, and long use. Irving and Casson, A. H. Davenport Company, "Princeton University: An Interactive Campus History, 1746-1996. Now with new color photos throughout, The Chapel of Princeton University traces the history of the chapel and describes its architecture, sculpture, woodwork, and furnishings. The current Dean of the Chapel is Alison Boden, who is also Dean of Religious Life at Princeton. History One of the great religious edifices in the United States It is in the Chapel that the University comes together as a community. When completed in 1928 at a cost of more than two million dollars, this imposing college chapel, capable of seating two thousand, was second in size only to the chapel at King’s College, Cambridge University. [16], On the western end of the chapel is the narthex, which has entrances on the north, west, and south walls. The word 'chapel' conjures up the image of a small space for quiet reflection and prayer. Princeton Weekly Bulletin P29.737.12, Oversize P11.73.2f The Princeton Weekly Bulletin is a weekly events listing for the Princeton campus. Honoring the alumni, student and members of the Princeton University faculty and staff whose deaths were recorded by the University during the previous calendar year, the Service of Remembrance was first held in 1919 in the University's Marquand Chapel before it burned down in 1920. [12] The construction cost about $2.3 million and was completed in 1928. Its magnificent Mander-Skinner organ, which was completely renovated in 1991, provides excellent accompaniment for the superb sixty-voice choir and for other concerts and occasions, including the several ceremonial, non-denominational events that the University holds here each year. History of the Service of Remembrance. Goodhue’s most arresting building is his… An altar stands at the far east end. [25] Most of the interior is limestone, but the aisles and the central area of the choir are Aquia Creek sandstone. [68] Friend was known for delivering popular lectures on Job, and Milliner speculates that Friend had these windows included to address the problem of evil. Designed in 1921 by Ralph Adams Cram in his signature Collegiate Gothic style, it was built by the university between 1924 and 1928 at a cost of $2.3 million. The University has been led by 20 presidents, spanning colonial times to the 21st century. The Princeton University Archives consists of over 15,000 linear feet of records including administration records (presidents, provosts, deans, and department records, faculty files, undergraduate and graduate alumni files); photographs and other audiovisual materials; and publications that document the history of Princeton University. The lectern is also oak and dates from the 1600s. "The Princeton University Chapel". [79] According to Milliner, Princeton's is the second-tallest by height of the nave at the crossing; the tallest is King's College Chapel at the University of Cambridge. The campuses are situated about one hour from both New York City and Philadelphia. [43] Images of figures connected to music are carved into the front (west), where the choir would sit, and images of scholars are carved into the back (east), where faculty would sit. The belltower of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart at the University of Notre Dame, the tower of the Duke University Chapel, the tower of the University of Chicago's Rockefeller Chapel, and the campanile of Valparaiso University's Chapel of the Resurrection are all taller than Princeton's chapel, which does not have a tower or other appendages. [55][56], The chapel's iconography consists of over 10,000 square feet (930 m2) of stained glass[57] as well as stonework and wood carvings. It changed hands several times before Hibben obtained it for the chapel. Among the stained glass are four "great windows", one facing each cardinal direction, and four "Christian epic" windows in the walls of the choir. [2] Other windows show Baruch Spinoza[69] and Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi;[29] both images were planned before the chapel was built.[2]. The fire forced the trustees and president to give immediate attention to the issue of constructing a new chapel which would permit the University to maintain its religious heritage, but in a manner that recognized its public mission in an increasingly multicultural society. Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 5. Now with new color photos throughout, The Chapel of Princeton University traces the history of the chapel and describes its architecture, sculpture, woodwork, and furnishings. Henry Gurdon Marquand, a founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, was the principal donor for the Marquand Chapel, which was built in 1881. [7] The latter was sculpted by Robert Baker. [2][9], The plans for the new chapel were made public in 1921. [6] Albert M. Friend, a faculty member in Princeton's Department of Art and Archaeology, played a central role in planning the iconography. 2000s; 1900s; 1800s; 1700s; 1600s; 2018. [42] The other door leaving the Blessed Sacrament Chapel is topped by carvings of shields representing three medieval universities, Oxford, Paris, and Salamanca, and flanked by carvings representing the seven liberal arts (the Trivium and the Quadrivium) and the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. When the College moved to Princeton in 1756, the chapel was located in what eventually became the Faculty Room in Nassau Hall. The chapel is beautiful and very large. The service is open not only to the entire Princeton University community but to townspeople and visitors to Princeton as well, who are most-warmly welcomed. Chapel History. [34], The tympanum above the west entrance depicts Jesus as described in the Book of Revelation, together with the four beasts and other relevant iconography. A devout Christian, Friend shared Hibben's goal of persuading Princeton students to choose lives of Christian observance and sought with the chapel's iconography, in Milliner's words, "to carefully dismantle materialist objections to Christian faith and to articulate Princeton's synthesis between Christian faith and modern thought. At its founding in 1746 the College of New Jersey was first located in the parsonage of the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth and soon afterwards in a sister church in Newark. [2], The chapel's iconography pays tribute in places to the other Abrahamic religions. The altar and the choir stalls were built and carved by Irving and Casson, A. H. Davenport Company, in Sherwood Forest oak;[49] Cram speculated that the wood may have dated from the time of Robin Hood. 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