The following article talks about Mulberry Cultivation practices, planting techniques, and growing ideas. After the planting, the saplings need to be cut at 10-15 cm above the ground level within a week. It results in heavy losses due to weather conditions, pests, diseases and natural calamities. • In the final stage, larvae become greenish blue with prominent tubercles. Once the eggs hatch, the tiny worms are fed with water and tender plant leaves and are then taken outdoor to the food trees, that is the Som, or Machilus bombycina tree. The production of golden silk is in great demand in the tex-tile industry and is thus needed to be conserved for long. It is made from the semi-cultivated silkworm named Antheraea assamensis. However, the practice never died out completely. Silkworm rearing involves both technical and commercial aspects. of muga silk. Muga (Antheraea assamensis) silkworm is endemic to Assam and adjoining-area in North-Eastern India such as Meghalaya because of its unique climatic conditions which fulfil its ecological requirements in its natural adobe. It is believed that muga culture originated in the Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India. Rearing house should be well ventilated and fly proof. Muga culture is an art and science dealing with rearing of the wild silkworm Antheraea assamensis. From hatching to its full-grown stage, the silkworms pass through five instars and the worms up to stage three are called young age worms or Chawki. of eggs laid by a single mother moth 2 Fecundity Fec No. should be adopted. An attempt has been made to have situation analysis of Muga silk industry which will cover its importance, work done for its development of technology for muga silkworm rearing, seed production and technological parameters. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. On more sloppy or steep lands, necessary attention to proper soil conservation methods as contour drains, contour planting or even bench terracing should be given. From this place the silkworm-rearing was spread into the Mediterranean and Asiatic countries including India, Burma, Thailand and Japan. The Muga silkworm rearing should be away from agricultural land, built-up area, factories etc, as disease incidence highly correlate with increase in anthropogenic activity. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves.The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. The yield potential of high yielding varieties can be best realized in high fertility soils and they respond to intensive irrigation. Besides the mulberry silkworm, the Eri silkworm, another domesticated species, ranks second in silk production. Mountages with worms are not to be exposed to direct sunlight and humid conditions are to be avoided. Family characters namely, bipectinate antennae, minute labial palpi, short maxillae, lack of frenulae are prominent in both the sexes. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. On hatching, active males are separated from passive females and are then allowed to mate in quiet dark room. Ensure disinfection two days before brushing of worms. However, saplings are always better than cuttings as planting material for quick and better establishment. The ideal size of each platform will be 5 x 25 ft. which can accommodate 50 DFLs up to the stage of spinning. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. 3.24(b)]: ... Rearing of eri silkworm: Disease-free seed cocoons are obtained from grainages or agencies and reared fully indoors. Virulent strains of ... India earn their livelihood by rearing muga silkworm. Cocoon yield/No. Cocoons are harvested on 5th to 6th day after mounting which ensures complete development of pupae. of muga silk. Unlike in mulberry sericulture, the seed is transacted in the form of seed cocoon in muga silk industry which may be the prime factor for the prevalence of pebrine disease in muga silkworm. Shop24Direct, der ★★★★★-Musik-Shop: Aktueller Schlager Volksmusik Klassik die beste Musik aller Zeiten Ihr Versandhaus für Musik. The rearing and raising of silkworm is known as sericulture. Regular irrigation at an interval of 8-10 days is ideal. i want to enter into cultivation of silkworms industry please give me the full datails about that. Ø L. Somen Singh, N.Ibotombi Singh and Ranjana Das, Evaluation and identification of superior interspecific F1 hybrids of oak Tasar silkworm. so far tried indoor rearing of Muga silkworm, did not get desired success because of incidence of diseases and difficulties in keeping the leaves of detached twigs of food plant fresh used in indoor rearing. Platforms can be arranged in two/ three tiers with a gap of 2-3 ft. A building floor area of 250-300 sft. The Muga Silkworm is cultivated mainly in Assam (North East India), but also in neighbouring Meghalaya, Arunachal, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and part of West-Bengal. Quality wise also, it is superior to the local variety of mulberry and, therefore, could be used with great advantage in mulberry cultivation. This paper reviews various aspects of muga silkworm culture, including the availability of different populations, and methods used to select for improvement in survival, cocoon yield, disease resistance, conservation and egg production. It is, therefore, necessary to evolve measures for economic cooling through a selection of proper material for wall and roof fabrication, the orientation of the building, using the right construction method/design, etc. The size of the silkworm rearing house depends upon the quantum and type of rearing. Muga Silkworm Rearing Technology. Ø Singh S, Jigyasu D K, Neog K (2017). is required to rear 100 DFLs of CB layings or 75 DFLs of BV layings. Amazon.ae: Impact of Terai Environment on Rearing Performance of Muga Silkworm: Mohanta, Hiranmayananda: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing of Assam, Assam Government Marketing Corporation Ltd, Assam Apex Weavers and Artisans Cooperative Federation Ltd, Material of Exhibition & Publicity ARTFED, Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production. Brush newly hatched larvae on to the rearing beds and sprinkle freshly chopped tender leaves of 0.5 to 1 cm2. The third instar is crucial as this is the intermediary stage between the chawki and late age worms. Feed the right quality leaf: Highly nutritious leaves in adequate quantities at suitable intervals of time to be fed. Similarly, Muga farms surrounded by dense forest area are beneficial for optimal growth of silkworm due to … In case of leaf harvest method, the first harvest is taken 70 days after 1st pruning and 2nd and 3rd harvest (coinciding with 2nd bottom pruning) at an interval of 55 days. It is organic and natural and has the strongest natural fiber. It is possible to rear 4-6 crops in a year. Mulberry silkworm rearing, being completely domesticated, demands specified environmental conditions like optimum temperature (24-28oC) and relative humidity (70-85%). 6, No. During Since mulberry is a deep-rooted plant; the soil should be sufficiently deep up to about two feet in depth. Muga rearing is the toughest of all types of silkworm rearing because it has to be done outdoors on the trees themselves. The actual weaving process takes about one week to 10 days to complete. The time taken to weave a single Muga silk saree is roughly two months, from rearing the silkworm to obtaining the finished product. Provide right environment : 26-28 oC and 80-85% RH, Feed management: Freshly chopped leaves are spread thinly on the dry beds. These effects led to decreasing food availability and outdoor rearing of Muga silkworm. Care during molting: Provide with optimum temperature and humidity conditions and also necessary spacing and leaf feed. Rearing of muga moth • A band of straw with a little sand or ash is tied around the tree trunk 1-1.2 m above the ground to prevent the worms from crawling down the ground. KEY WORDS: Rearing, hormone, muga, silkworm. Cuttings should be prepared from well-matured 6-8 months old shoots of about 1.5 cm in diameter. The practice of rearing silkworm on 'Mejankari' & 'Chapa' tree is completely abandoned by the people due to non-availability of feed plants and high mortality rate of muga silkworm on these plants. Impact of terai environment on rearing performance of muga silkworm: Studies on exploitation of terai environment of Cooch Behar with reference to rearing performances of muga silkworm: Mohanta, Hiranmayananda: 9783659103735: Books - Amazon.ca 64 pp. Antherea assamensis Helf., Antherea mejankori Moore) belongs to the Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae. Please check this: Sericulture Project Report, Cost, Profits, Economics. Silkworm rearing and Muga silk production declined under the occupation of India by the British East India Company, starting in the 1800s. One tree can be utilized for two rearing in a year alternately during spring and autumn, thus one full grown tree can yield 1000 cocoons in a year and 5 trees are required to produce 5000 cocoons which yield one kg. Other important factors simultaneously contributing to the success of a muga crop are proper disinfection of rearing field, quality leaf, maintenance of hygiene in rearing field and management of rearing. During the initial stage of mulberry plant establishment in the field, weed growth should be kept to the minimum, so that the growing young plants are not smothered by the weeds. Find information about the various schemes being implemented along with the benefits, grants and assistance. Rearing of Eri silk worm. Food plant varietal effect on the rearing and grainage of Muga Silkworm, Antheraea assamensis … Thereafter, the young growing plants should be assisted to put forth vigorous and maximum growth through periodical fertilizer applications. 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